Wednesday, May 25, 2011

The Arms Race Is Slowing

World military spending in 2010 totaled 1.63 trillion dollars.

Annual growth - 1.3 per cent (20.6 billion dollars).As stated in the report of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the lowest figure over the past ten years.During 2001-2009 years the average annual growth was 5.1 percent.

According to sources, the greatest growth occurred in South America - 5.8 per cent (total - 63.6 billion dollars), while in Europe was a slight decline.

"Continued growth of expenditure in South America can not surprise in the absence of a real military threat to most countries and the existence of more pressing social needs" - said one of the authors of the report Karina Solmirano. In her opinion, the reason - in the economic recovery of the region as a whole, while countries in other continents of the financial crisis has forced to be more careful in planning budget expenditures. In particular, in the U.S. increase in military expenditure in 2010 amounted to only 2.8 per cent (19.6 billion dollars), and during the years 2001-2009 the rate has never fallen below the 7.8 per cent. "Since 2001, the United States increased its military spending by 81 percent and now represent 43 per cent of world spending, which is six times greater than the cost of arming its nearest competitor - China.” American spending brake equal 4.8 percent of GDP, are the most serious economic burden beyond the Middle East "- says the project manager of military expenditures SIPRI Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman.

Russia in the list of SIPRI is in fifth place after the United States, China, Britain and France. According to experts of the institute, the cost of Russia in this region declined by 1.4 percent and amounted in 2010, 4 percent of GDP.

According to the report, in many cases, a sharp decline or a slowdown is a belated reaction to the financial crisis that began in 2008. In Europe, where military spending declined by 2.8 percent, the national government actively took up the problem of budget deficits, introducing the 2009 stimulus packages. The largest reductions in military budgets are marked in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as in countries with fiscal problems, such as Greece. In Asia, where most national economies have not experienced a recession, economic growth in 2009 slowed down, while military spending continued to grow, and quite rapidly.

Thus, we can say that the slowdown in military spending in 2010 is a reflection of his relationship to overall economic growth. As an illustration, the authors of the report shows China, where a slight increase in military spending is uniquely linked to the lower efficiency of the national economy in 2009. In the Middle East, military budgets have increased in the last year compared with the previous at 2.5 percent - up to 111 billion dollars. The highest rate was recorded in Saudi Arabia. In Africa, according to experts, the cost of equipment rose by 5.2 percent. The leaders here are oil, Algeria, Angola, and Nigeria.


The path to Mars will be shorter than the time

European Space Agency (ESA) is considering using the Russian experience building nuclear power plants (NPP) in the project "ExoMars”.

This was stated by the head of ESA, Jean-Jacques Durden. He took part in the reception, which organized Roskosmos for heads of space agencies of foreign countries and the astronauts in the 50 th anniversary of the first flight into space by Yuri Gagarin.Answering the question whether the ESA plans to co-operate with Russia in developing nuclear power for future space systems, Durden said: "ESA is not going to cooperate with Russia in building such a facility. However, we consider the possibility of using Russian expertise and technology to build nuclear power generators in ExoMars. ESA is negotiating a research agreement Mars programs, in particular to integrate the projects of the Mars-NET and ExoMars by landing on the Red Planet rover heavy. Russian and European vehicles can be placed together in one space launch vehicles (LV) Proton.

As reported on April 4 head of Federal Space Agency Anatoly Perminov, it is planned that by 2019 will be finalized megawatt-class nuclear power for future spacecraft. "In the modern chemical engines, flight, for example, to Mars, take a long time. For this flight, need super heavy vehicles, - said Perminov. - That is why Russia has initiated a megawatt class nuclear power plant . According to the plan by 2019 work on it will be completed." By his estimation, the use of such a facility, for example, in the Martian manned flight to Mars will accelerate to 20 times. Perminov said that the project of nuclear power plant may be international. "We have no objection to being joined by other countries - he said. - This year, Moscow will host an international conference on the subject. It was an American initiative. "


Not true: everything goes according to plan

Rosoboronexport jointly with the holding company "Helicopters of Russia" according to the schedule executes the contract to supply Brazil combat helicopters Mi-35M and has no plans to revise the terms of the deal.

Commented upon what appears in the media that Brazil's Ministry of Defense reportedly intends to suspend the contract, the head of the regional department of Rosoboronexport Sergei Ladygin said.

"We know nothing of such plans. No formal notification in this regard has been received ", said Ladygin in Rio de Janeiro on the international Latin-American exhibition of aircraft and defense systems" LAAD-2011. He noted that under this contract in Brazil is half the supply carried out. The remaining helicopters are planned to be delivered to the customer before the end of this year. There are no obstacles for this. According to him, the Brazilian pilots have successfully completed training in our country and now skillfully exploited the Russian helicopters. "I would like to point out the fact that the national exposure of Brazil at an exhibition in Rio de Janeiro is one of the shows bought from Russia Mi-35M. This fact suggests that the Brazilian Air Force is proud to purchase Russia helicopter", said Ladygin.

The contract to supply the Brazilian Air Force combat helicopters Mi-35M has been concluded Rosoboronexport in 2008. Mi-35M is designed Moscow Helicopter Plant named after Mil.Standard machine made by Rostvertol of holding Russian Helicopters. Multi-purpose attack Mi-35M is an upgraded version of the export is well known in Russia and abroad, Mi-24 helicopter. It is designed to destroy armored vehicles, fire support of ground troops, amphibious landing, evacuation of the wounded, as well as transportation of goods in the cargo cabin and on external sling.

According to correspondents, "MIC"
ARMS-TASS news agencies and the Interfax-AVN

Published in issue number 15 (381) for the April 20, 2011


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